Chemical Engineering Now  
Skip Navigation Links.

This section will cover unique processes that have special significance witnin the chemical and petrochemical industry. They are special due either to their uniqueness, widespread use or importance in industry.

 STEAM REFORMING - Steam reforming converts hydrocarbons into hydrogen and carbon oxides and is the dominate process used in refineries. The feed stock typically ranges from natural gas to LPG or liquid fuels including naphtha. Steam reforming is used in combination with oxygen or partial oxidation process for the production of synthesis gas or the production of ammonia, methanol and various petrochemical products. Steam reforming is an endothermic process. There are two main reactions involved, the endothermic reforming reaction CH4 + H2O <==> CO + 3H2 and the exothermic water-shift reaction CO + H2O <==> CO2 + H2. The goal in reforming calculations is to balance the two reactions simultaneously while satisfying the two the equilibrium equations with the correct equilibrium constants.


  Donate Bitcoin

2017 All Rights Reserved
This site is intended to assist the student and practicing engineer with their ongoing education. It is an outline of the chemical engineering discipline, related principles and calculation methods. Efforts have been made to confirm the accurracy of all calculations. However, the developer accepts no responsibility for the accuracy, use of or calculation results derived from herein.

Employment of the developer's services in Project or Process Engineering are available on a contract or direct basis, either domestically or internationally. Please contact via e-mail.